Environmental Impact of the Eyjafjallajökull Eruption April 27, 2010 Most news stories surrounding the Icelandic volcano eruption focus on the effect of the ash cloud on air transportation in Europe and the world economy. Ash cloud on 18th May, 2010 … Icelandic Volcano Impacts Economy, Industry, Environment. That will be done by: a) looking at the impact that the Eyjafjallajökull eruption in 2010 had on airline operations; and b) evaluating the influence the eruption had on foreign visitors coming to Iceland. Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. Sporting, entertainment and many other events were cancelled, delayed or disrupted when individuals or teams were unable to travel to their destination. [3] Over 95,000 flights had been cancelled all across Europe during the six-day travel ban,[4] with later figures suggesting 107,000 flights cancelled during an 8-day period, accounting for 48% of total air traffic and roughly 10 million passengers. [33], On 20 April 2010, it was reported that around 160 Irish troops, mainly from Dublin and Dundalk and from the Eastern Brigade and due to return home on a chartered plane from a peacekeeping mission in Kosovo, were stranded in the Balkans due to the travel disruption. [2] The Airport Operators Association (AOA) estimated that airports lost £80 million over the six-and-a-half days. Stakeholders in the air traffic industry were forced to reevaluate policies, safety standards, and guidelines and to … Similarly the Netherlands is unable to supply orchids for the start of the May wedding market in North America. The ash cloud has not reached the high atmosphere, where it would have the most effect, and it contains little sulphur, which forms reflective droplets of sulphuric acid. Originally, Lennox was to have appeared at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium, near Los Angeles, to perform "Universal Child" as part of the charity fundraiser. [30][31], The British Royal Family's travel plans were disrupted, including the cancellation of the Prince of Wales's attendance at the state funeral of the Polish president and first lady, and the Princess Royal's plan to visit Halifax, Nova Scotia for a Canadian Forces celebration, scheduled for 21 April.[32]. Some eruptions have emitted toxic ash into the atmosphere thus causing health problems. As volcanoes go, Eyjafjallajökull […] There is a extensive air travel disruption caused by the closure of airspace over many countries affecting the travel arrangements of hundreds of thousands of people in Europe and elsewhere. In April 2010, Eyjafjallajökull, a volcano in southern Iceland, began spewing several kilometres of volcanic ash into the atmosphere.The cloud of ash forced the greatest airspace closure since World War II, cancelling nearly 100,000 flights and disrupting the travel plans of tourists and business travelers alike throughout northern Europe. The ash cloud disruption was cited as one of the contributing factors. [17], Nissan declared a suspension in the production of three models in Japan on 21 April 2010 because supply of parts has been disrupted. [citation needed]. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. [1] IATA stated that the total loss for the airline industry was around US$1.7 billion (£1.1 billion, €1.3 billion). The ash plume from the eruption reached as high as 7km into the air, and the glass-rich ash caused major disruptions in air travel. Several sectors that depend on air-freighted imports and exports were badly affected by the flight disruptions. Despite volcanic eruptions in earlier times, the eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull in April and May 2010 served as a climactic point in aviation history. Iceland volcano cloud: The economic impact The cloud of volcanic ash drifting across Europe is continuing to make much of the continent a no-fly zone this week. As a result, their economy was estimated to be incurring losses of $3.8m each day of the disruption. Transportation Research Record: Journal of Transportation Research Board 2214 (2011): 144-151. The eruption had two explosive phases separated by a phase with lava formation and reduced explosive activity. Eyjafjallajökull 2010: How Icelandic volcano eruption closed European skies. [8], FedEx, DHL Express and other logistics companies were unable to transport goods by air. "And there won't be global effects of this particular eruption." There were many environmental impacts of this eruption, and scientists feared a climatic impact. ... thick clouds of ash from a volcano eruption … As for environmental effects in regards to climate, Eyjafjallajökull did not have a sizable impact on the global climate. Imports of medications were affected, and local stocks, as they expire. This paper reports a study of the April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption on the atmosphere composition in Moscow. [36][42][43][44][45], Carnegie Hall cancelled a concert of the works of Louis Andriessen[36] because pianist Gerard Bouwhuis was stranded in Amsterdam and the Bang on a Can All-Stars were unable to leave Frankfurt.[36]. [60][61], Residents of West London under the Heathrow Airport flight path have described the peace as 'bliss'. On 14 April 2010 the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano (63.63°N, 19.62°W, 1666 m asl) on Iceland started to … Christine Shilling, of the No Third Runway Action Group, who lives in nearby Harmondsworth, said: "I've lived here more than 40 years and I've never known such peace. [9] Instead they had to transport packages to alternate destination (such as Istanbul or Madrid) and then ship by road to the final destination. This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 21:44. His private plane was due to land in Keflavik, Iceland, but with runways shut down was forced to abort at the last minute, costing his historic speed flight four to five hours. European airspace closed by volcanic ash at Wikinews The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption. [57][58][59], The volcano released approximately 150,000 tonnes of CO2 each day, but the massive reduction of air travel occurring over European skies caused by the ash cloud, saved an estimated 1.3 to 2.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere by 19 April 2010. Case study - eruption in a developed country: Eyjafjallajökull. According to the Environmental Transport Association, by the end of today the flight ban will have prevented the emission of some 2.8m tonnes of carbon dioxide since the first flights were grounded. The state funeral of President of Poland Lech Kaczyński and his wife Maria Kaczyńska on 18 April 2010 was affected as some national leaders were unable to attend, including Barack Obama, Stephen Harper, Angela Merkel, and Nicolas Sarkozy. [39], Robert Downey Jr., Gwyneth Paltrow, Demi Moore and American band The Drums were unable to make their scheduled appearance on Friday Night with Jonathan Ross on 23 April due to the flight disruption,[40] The Iron Man 2 World Premiere in the UK in relation to Downey Jr. and Paltrow's appearance was also moved to LA from London. [56], The eruption impacted a record-breaking round-the-world flight led by Captain Riccardo Mortara. Environmental impacts of ash deposition following the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano, Iceland Julie Calkins (1), Claire Nattrass (1), Ellie Harris (1), Marie Detienne (2), Nicola Myers (1), Leon van den Berg (3), and Pierre Delmelle (1) [41], Some British musical acts scheduled to perform at the 2010 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival in California, including Bad Lieutenant, Gary Numan, Delphic, Frightened Rabbit, Talvin Singh and The Cribs and the American group Hypnotic Brass Ensemble (who were touring in Europe) encountered flight cancellations, jeopardizing their scheduled slots, all of them eventually cancelling their performances. Additional localised disruption continued into May 2010. [15] Thousands of Kenyan farm workers were temporarily laid off as harvesting of flowers and vegetables was stopped by 19 April due to the grounding of flights. "[62] Jenny Tonge, president of HACAN Clearskies, life peer and former Liberal Democrat MP for Richmond Park in London said "Dare we hope that it will finally lay the Third Runway at Heathrow to rest and concentrate government minds on more environmentally friendly and sustainable forms of transport? [34][35][dead link]. What was the impact of the eruption? The flight disruptions also led to a number of sporting fixtures being postponed or canceled as teams could not fly to their fixtures. [16], Zambia's flower and vegetable industry lost about $150,000 (£98,000) a day. Information is Beautiful has since corrected this figure to 150,000; we have updated our article to reflect this. The final results show a positive impact on the inbound tourism to Iceland for the last quarter of the year, even though the first two quarters show a decrease in the tourism numbers. Iceland has several volcanoes and is situated on two tectonic plates – the North American plate and Eurasian plate. Many livestock were killed from ash intake and fluorine poisoning from Eyjafjallajökull and even though … He stated, in a phone call to acting President Bronisław Komorowski, "Michelle and I continue to have the Polish people in our thoughts and prayers..."[29], The travel plans of members of European royal families from countries such as the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Spain were cancelled — they had intended to travel to Copenhagen to celebrate the 70th birthday of Margrethe II of Denmark. Due to the disruptions in travel, several national leaders cancelled their plans to attend, including Barack Obama, Stephen Harper, Angela Merkel, and Nicolas Sarkozy. [14], Kenya is reported to have destroyed 400 tonnes of flowers it was unable to airship into the UK on 19 and 20 April 2010. We demonstrate the fragility of today's mobilities, which depend on unpredictable nature as well as complex technological systems. The Volcano: Ash disrupts celebs, Volcano's ash cloud still causing sporting chaos, "Nine place gains for Sri Lanka and Malaysia", World Seniors and World Mixed Doubles gets underway this weekend, "Valverde, Sanchez miss Amstel Gold due to Volcano Eyjafjallajökull", "Caldwell's TNA Lockdown Results 4/18: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of PPV – Styles vs. [1] The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010 lasted 39 days, 14 April–23 May. The Pope, Team Hogan vs. On 17 April, delegations from India, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, New Zealand and Pakistan confirmed they would not attend. Based on readings taken by scientists during the first phase of Eyjafjallajokull activity last month, the website Information is Beautiful calculated the volcano has emitted about 150,000 tonnes of CO2 each day. The 2010 Japanese motorcycle Grand Prix, scheduled to be the second round of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing season was postponed until 2 October 2010, as the majority of teams were unable to travel to the circuit from their European bases.[46]. [12], The carmaker BMW said it was suspending production at three of its plants in Germany, because of interruptions in the supply of parts. Europe experienced air travel chaos for almost one month as much of the continent ground to a standstill. The UEFA Champions League semi-final teams FC Barcelona and Olympique Lyonnais travelled by coach to their matches with Inter Milan and Bayern Munich respectively[46] and in the Europa League both English travelling teams, Liverpool[55] and Fulham[46] had to make long journeys by coach, train and Eurostar to reach their respective destinations in Madrid and Hamburg. Factories in China's Guangdong province saw air shipments of clothes and jewellery delayed. Concentrations of some gases, including sulfur dioxide, were measured at a station operated by Moscow University and the Institute of Atmospheric Physics. 1), which is overlain by a 200 m thick ice-cap bearing the same name, has produced three eruptions since the tenth century: in 1612, from 1821 to 1823, and the recent 2010 events.Past eruptions have produced very fined-grained ash deposits typically found within a 10 km radius from the Eyjafjallajökull crater (Larsen et al. ABSTRACT This project will use the once-in-a-generation opportunity provided by the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull (Ey 2010) to create a new model of volcanic ash layer formation within the geological record, and evaluate the ash-fall?s social and environmental impact. Other events which were disrupted due to participants being unable to attend include: Some events were not disrupted but the participants had to make significant alternate travel plans to fulfill the fixture. They remained at Camp Clarke outside Pristina. It stopped production of 2,000 vehicles in two plants. Ulfarsson, Gudmundur, and Elizabeth Unger. However, since she could not travel to LA, Lennox instead recorded the song at a television studio in London, and the tape was played back on the live broadcast. environmental impact Eruption added 0.15m tones of carbon dioxide each day to the atmosphere but the lack of air travel prevented between 1.3-2.8m tones from reaching the atmosphere. Other African industries, such as Uganda's fish and flower export businesses, were also affected by the lack of air freight. The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland on 20 March 2010 affected the economic, political and cultural activities in Europe and across the world. "Impacts and Responses of Icelandic Aviation to the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull Volcanic Eruption." Difficulties in bringing fresh salmon to international markets normally supplied by Norway and other northern European states have substantially boosted orders for New Zealand salmon. The 2013 French comedy film Eyjafjallajökull is a road movie starting when a divorced couple is forced to drive across Europe due to the cancellation of their flight. A larger effect on the atmosphere, though still small in global terms, comes from the mass-grounding of European flights over the past few days. The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland on 20 March 2010 affected the economic, political and cultural activities in Europe and across the world. The Icelandic volcano's eruption has had extraordinary and unprecedented consequences as a result of a cloud of volcanic ash that it spawned over a large part of the European airspace. Team Flair, Angle vs. Anderson", "Volcanic ash grounds Jim Wallhead, Ryan Thomas takes vacant Bellator 15 tourney slot", Liverpool 3 – 0 West Ham, Monday, 19 April 2010, att 37,697, Liverpool arrive in Madrid after marathon journey, "Hamburg v Fulham: Roy Hodgson's side to play Europa League tie after 12-hour trip", "Pilot Riccardo Mortara sets world record despite Icelandic eruption", "Around-the-world flight makes pit stop in Las Vegas", "Europe counts saved carbon emissions as flights stay grounded", "Iceland volcano causes fall in carbon emissions as eruption grounds aircraft", "Iceland volcano chaos: Heathrow residents say peace is blissful", "Volcano's shadow may fall on UK economy, but not Heathrow flight path", Ash-triggered flight disruptions cost airlines $1.7 billion, Ash from Iceland volcano could affect UK flights, Volcanic eruption starts on top of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, Icelandic volcanic eruption prompts evacuation, flight diversions, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Effects_of_the_April_2010_Eyjafjallajökull_eruption&oldid=985605141, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Articles with failed verification from April 2010, Articles with dead external links from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The ban on flights in the UK disrupted the, On 20 April, disruption to the Irish Government business occurred when nine Government and six opposition members of, Multiple teams were delayed or were forced to withdraw from the, Several cyclists who reside in Spain were unable to make it to the. The 2010 Icelandic volcanic eruption, which disrupted flights across Europe, also had a "significant but short-lived" impact on the North Atlantic, a study says. The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland on 14 April 2010 affected the economic, political and cultural activities in Europe and across the world.. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano (Fig. Europe's airline chaos: in depth at Wikinews A phonecall in the dead of night was the first inkling the people living on the Thorvaldseyri farm had that Iceland's glacier-covered Eyjafjallajokull volcano was about to erupt. The repatriation of five German Bundeswehr soldiers wounded in action on 15 April 2010 in Afghanistan had to be postponed due to the closing of the German airspace. During the explosive phases there were episodes of strong winds that advected ash to the south and southeast leading to widespread disruptions in air traffic. Although large eruptions such as Mount Pinatubo in 1991 can spew out enough material to shade and cool the planet, recent activity in Iceland is very small in comparison. By ... estimate and the impact could be felt industry wide. The Dutch, Norwegian, and Swedish royal families changed their plans from air to car or rail. [37] The 1,500 kilometre journey lasted around 15 hours, and Cleese passed through Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium during his journey. (social / economic / environmental - primary and secondary effects) Primary effects: As the result of the eruption day turned to night with the ash blocking out the sun, rescuers wore face masks to prevent them choking on the clouds of ash. The 2010 eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano had a huge impact on air travel, changing the assessment of risk by the aviation sector and catalyzing new lines of scientific investigation. Cooling effect from volcano ash cloud will be 'very insignificant', but flight ban stops emission of estimated 2.8m tonnes of CO2, Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano is still pumping ash into the sky, with disruptions to European air traffic expected to carry on into next week. The Forecasting Economic Support Group of ICAO's Committee on Aviation Environment Protection postponed a planned summit in Bern as North American and Scandinavian members would be unable to attend. The effects of fluorosis can be devastating if there was a high concentration of fluorine, because possible effects range as far as an almost full skeletal crippling. Air travel and transport throughout the world was cancelled due to the airspace restrictions and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) estimated the airline industry worldwide would lose £130 million ($200 million) a day as a result. The MEDEVAC plane carrying them from Termez Airbase was rerouted to Istanbul where they are to be treated pending further developments. A number of world leaders and politicians had to postpone planned trips or were diverted and delayed due to the closure of airports and airspace: The funeral of President of Poland Lech Kaczyński and his wife, who died on 10 April 2010 in a plane crash in Smolensk, took place on 18 April. Photograph: JON GUSTAFSSON/AP, Scientists call for research on climate link to geological hazards, first phase of Eyjafjallajokull activity last month, calculated the volcano has emitted about 150,000 tonnes of CO2 each day. The eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano is unlikely to have any significant impact on climate but has caused a small fall in carbon emissions, experts say. The disruption had effects on the arts worldwide, with many events subject to cancellations. These volcanic eruptions have had tremendous effects on Iceland a whole. Setting In spring 2010, the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted. [36] Further, many delegations from the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 were forced to travel to Norway by boat. [10][11], Travel firm TUI Travel reported losses of GB£5–6 million per day during the airspace closure due to travellers being unable to return home. On 20th March 2010, Eyjafjallajökull burst into life after nearly 190 years of inactivity. • This article was changed on 21 April. Data were collected at 2 time points: in 2010 and 2013. The volcanic eruption has released carbon dioxide, but the amount is dwarfed by the savings. Fans found travel to the matches extremely difficult with some teams posting significantly lower attendances during the travel disruption. This article examines that event by looking at theories of risk and culture. Design Population-based prospective cohort study. [28] Obama released a statement on Saturday afternoon saying that he would not be able to attend the funeral due to the traffic disruptions. The World Meteorological Organisation in Geneva says any cooling effect from Eyjafjallajokull will be "very insignificant". Worldwide, the US Geological Survey says volcanoes produce about 200m tonnes of carbon dioxide every year. Phytoplankton in the Atlantic Ocean bloomed as they fed on the iron from the ash falling and therefore this boosted the marine ecosystem. The appearance of pop singer Annie Lennox on the special "Idol Gives Back" episode of American Idol on 21 April was affected. [26][27] Presidential aide Jacek Sasin initially said a postponement until later that day or even the following day was a "very serious alternative",[26] but it was later announced that the funeral would take place as planned. Ash from Iceland volcano could affect UK flights at Wikinews The recent volcanic eruption of Mount Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland has once again brought home the effect that volcanoes can have on society, even in a technologically-advanced society. Icelandic Volcano Casts a Shadow Over Indio, Calif. Hollywood vs. The eruption was relatively small but its impact was massive. The eruption did not emit dangerous amounts of C02 to the point that the atmosphere would be heavily affected. [7], Business people and officials expressed concerns about imports of fresh food and other essential goods into the United Kingdom. John Stewart of the Heathrow Association for the Control of Aircraft Noise said they had been inundated with emails and phone calls and said "The message is that this is what life should be like. The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland in 2010 caused havoc to global air traffic. 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